Indah Budiastutik1 dan Mardjan2
Jl.A. yani No. 111 Pontianak
Alamat korespondensi :
1Dosen Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas
Muhammadiyah Pontianak (firstname.lastname@example.org)
2 Dosen Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas
Abdominal obesityis a condition of abnormal orexcess fat accumulation inthe visceral area which is determined by the abdominal circumference. A person is considered obese if the central abdominal circumference in women more than 80 cm and > 90 cm in man. The factors associated with the occurrence of central obesity include nutrient intake, physical activity, smoking habits and alcohol consumption. A preliminary survey conducted to 15 students and lecturers in Muhammadiyah University of Pontianak revealed that 40% experienced central obesity, 50 % consumed excessive energy, and 30% owned smoking habit. This study was aimed at finding out the determinant factors related to cetral obesity cases among lecturers and students in Muhammadiyah University of Pontianak. A case control approach was carried out in this study. The case samples were 30 respondents and the control samples were also 30 respondents. The study revealed twofindings. First, there were correlation of energy intake (p value=0,022;), carbohydrate intake (p value =0,005), and central obesity. Second there were no correlation of fat intake (p value = 0,308), physical activity (p value = 0,308), smoking habit (p value = 0,636), and abdominal obesity. Based on the findings, both lecturers and students of Muhammadiyah University of Pontianak should consume nutritious and balanced foods according to the needs of Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR), do regular exercise for 30 minutes and avoid smoking habit.
Keywords: energy intake, carbohydrate, central obesity.