Endang Sri Wahyuningsih, Ivonne Kusumaningtias
Departeman Gizi Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
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Pre elderly is a person aged 45-59 years, while the elderly is a person aged 60 years and above. Judging from the aspect of health, they are more susceptible to various diseases, such as hypertension, stroke, diabetes melitus, cancer, and coronary heart disease. Incident diabetes increased with age. Other contributing factors are obesity, wrong diet, demographic factors, and lack of exercise. Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) is a condition where blood glucose levels rise, but has not reached parameter to be diagnosed as diabetes melitus. IGT is an interim stage toward DM. The research objective was to determine the relationship between body mass index, consumption behavior, individual characteristics, physical activity, and smoking status with IGT incident on pre elderly and the elderly. This research is a descriptive cross-sectional design. The data source is data Basic Health Research in 2013 with a total sample of 8.607. The results showed that IMT is a dominant factor associated with the incidence of IGT in pre elderly and the elderly. Respondents who have a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m², 1.298 times the risk of experiencing TGT than having a BMI < 25 kg/m² (p value < 0.0001). Needs to be done to prevent and control risk factors through increased communication, information, and education such as Posbindu, Posyandu Lansia, and to cultivate physical activity.
Keywords: Risk factors, Body Mass Index, pre elderly, the elderly, Impaired Glucose Tolerance