Hilda Nuruzzaman1) dan Fariani Syahrul2)
1) Mahasiswa Prodi S1 IKM FKM Unair
2) Dosen Departemen Epidemiologi FKM Unair
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Typhoid fever are disease that spreading through food and drinks that infected by Salmonella typhi. Typhoid fever usually found in children because at their age (7-12 years old) there are bigger opportunity to eat outside and thus the possibility to get infected become higher. The objective of this research is to analyze risk of typhoid fever based on hand washing and snacking habit for children (7-12 years old). This research was observational study with case control design. Sample cases group consist of 40 children which diagnosed with typhoid fever and sample control consist of 40 children without typhoid fever. Sample cases and control choosen with simple random sampling based on medical records at dr.Abdoer Rahem Hospital Situbondo, East Java. Analyze risk factors with Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval. Result of this research, children who has bad habit of washing hand before eating was 3.22 times (1.16<OR<9.15) higher risk of typhoid fever than children who has good habit of washing hand before eating. Children with high frequency of snacking was 3.89 times (1.39<OR<11.06) higher risk of typhoid fever compared to children that rarely snackingl. Children who has bought some food without packing was 3.57 times (1.27<OR<10.18) higher risk of typhoid fever than children who has bought some food with packing. Suggestion that can be taken from this research are children must be maintain their personal hygiene and snacking habit to prevent typhoid fever.
Key word : demam typhoid, children, risk factor